Who has free access to NBER Working Papers?
Individual Subscribers and Affiliates of Institutional Subscribers to the NBER Working Paper Series.
U.S. Government employees and military personnel
Residents of developing countries
Note that Working Paper abstracts are freely available to everyone.
If you are eligible and wish to determine whether you are already authorized for free downloads, you should browse /papers/w0000. If you are authorized, you should see "This paper is available in PDF (2 K) or HTML(0 K) format." If the system does not recognize you, you will see a link called "add this paper to your order basket," in which case you should visit our authorization help pages.
Individuals who do not have free access can download papers for a nominal charge.